Monday, November 30, 2009

"Skotbu," Kråkstad: En Bygdebok


M. Østlid, "Skotbu," Kråkstad: En Bygdebok, Bind II (1931), 126-127. Image courtesy of Verla Williams.

Skotbu.
Utt. skø'rbu. E. f.: Skothbuð 1325, Skotbud 1329. Skotbudh 1400. Skodboe 1578. Schodboe 1723. Opprinnelig: Skotbuð. Der kan tenkes 2 forklaringer på navnet. 1: første ledd skotbetyr utbygning, tilbygning, og skulde da ta sikte på husets utseende, (at siste ledd betyr bod eller bu er ikke tvilsomt); altså bety: ei bu, et hus som var vygget til et større hus så det så ut som et utskot, eller et hus med et utskot. 2: Den annen forklaring som kunde tenkes, er at første ledd betyr skudd (med bue), og skotbud skulde være ei bu brukt som skytehus ved målskytning.

Var fullgård; gammelt matr.nr. 22, gml. skyld 1 skippund 2½ lispd. som 1723 foreslås satt op med 4½ lispd. Da anføres: "Måtelig god jord; skog til lastebruk; en kvern til husfornødenhet. Sår ½ t. blandkorn 9 t. havre; avler 24 lass høi; 3 hester 9 kyr 6 sauer. 1 husmann med jord". Fikk 1839 nytt nr. 55, ny skyld 12 daler 3 ort 22 skilling; revidert skyld 1886: 21,48 mark.

Var kirkegods, hørte til Mariakirken i Oslo, og hørte senere med til kanslerens len. 1643 byttet kansleren Jens Bjelke gården til kronen, mot Kjølberg i Asker. Skotbu blev da i regnskapene slått sammen med Nonneklosterets gods, og var krongods til 1699, da fikk Vebjørn Gundersen kongelig skjøte på gården; hadde brukt den siden 1688; † 1732. Barn Tor (til Vål), Ole, Svend, Johannes, Randi, Gundhild, Barbara. [Uthevelse tilføyd.]

Sønnen Svend Vevjørnsen overtok gården i 1748. Gift med Ragnhild Svendsdtr. Sørum. 1 datter Ingeborg. Da Svend Vebjørnsen døde 1752, blev enken Ragnhild Svendsdtr. gift med Syver Rolfsen Vest-Midtsem, og efter hans død 1775, 3je gang med Jens Nilsen Frogner på Hjell.

Broren Johannes Vebhjørnsen overtar Skotbu 1753; g. m. Karen Toresdtr. Fusker, † 1762, så hanhadde begge disse gårdene, bodde på Fusker. Barn: Vebjørn, Svend, Thorer, Ingeborg (g. m. Iver Kjeldsen Tømt i Vestby).

1780 får nesteldste sønnen Svend Johannessen skjøte på gården for 1400 rdl.; g. m. Anne Pederdtr. 1 datter Kari Svendsdtr. (f. 1782; gift 1) 1798 med Jørgen Fredriksen Vegger. (1 datter Agar). Gift 2, g. med Thomas Hansen Vegger. (3 barn: Hans Christian, Inger Helene, g. 1835 med Jørgen Mathiasen Eljesrud, Anne Marie)).

Svend Johannessen døde 1821; svigersønnen Thomas Hansen Vegger overtok gården; arvet 1/2, og forpaktet resten mot livøre til enken.

Thomas Hansen døde i 1831. Skiftet efter ham viser at han eide 1) Folkestad i Våler. 2) halve Skotbu. 3) Krogen i Tomter. Et stort og verdifullt bo, bl. a. meget meget vedrifullt sølv og dyrt innbo.



Skotbu.

Enken Kari Svendsdtr. beholdt gården til 1845, da hennes svigersønn Johannes Paulsen Brekke i Tomter overtok den for 4000 spd.; gift med Agar Jørgensdtr. av Kari Svendsdtr.s første ekteskap med Jørgen Fredriksen Vegger. (Agar Jørgensdtr. hadde forresten vært gift 1. g. med Svend Thorsen Brekke.)

1872 overtar sønnen Jens Johannessen gården, g. m. Anna Riiser, Hobøl.

Han solgte den 1892 til trelasthandler Nils M. Laumb. Gården kom derved ut av den ætt den hadde fulgt i 200 år. Gården hadde da ualmindelig pen skog, som blev meget hårdt hugget da der ennu ikke var vedtatt skogvedtekter for bygda. Efter å ha drevet ut skogen solgte han gården til Edvard Nygård som hadde den til 1904, da Iver Rustad kjøpte den.

1923 skjøte fra dennes enke Anette Rustad til sønnen Lars Rustad.

Der er frasolgt gården en rekke parseller, særlig efter at der blev jernbanestasjon på gårdens eiendom. Første parsell, bruksnr. 2, Kråkås og Ødegården, blev utskilt ved skylddelingsforr.
1877.

English translation:

Skotbu.
There can possibly be 2 explanations of the name. 1: First part - skot - means outbuilding, addition, and should then take a look at the house's appearance, (that last part means shack or shanty is not doubtful); also means a house which was built onto a large house or a house with an extension. 2: the second explanation you could think is that first part - skot - means shoot (shot) with a bow, and skotbud is supposed to be a dwelling used as a shooting house for target shooting.

Was a regular farm; old tax-roll number 22; old tax 1 skippund (160 kilo or 350 lbs.) 2½ lispd (weight - 18 lbs.) as 1723 suggested sat up with 4½ lispd. Then citing: "mediocre good land; woods for own use, a mill for home use; Sows ½ barrel grain mixture 9 ton oats; raises 24 loads of hay; 3 horses, 9 cows, 6 sheep 1 tenant farmer with land. In 1839 received new number 55, new taxes 12 daler, 3 ort (coin=1/5 sp.daler) 22 skilling (coin=1/120 of a daler); Revised tax 1886:21.48 mark.

Was church property, belonged to Maria Church in Oslo and belonged later to the chancellor's fiefdom. 1643 the chancellor Jens Bjerke traded the farm to the crown; for Kjølberg in Aker. Skotbu became then in the record books together with convent's property and was crown lands until 1699; then Vebjørn Gundersen got royal deed to the farm, had farmed it since 1688; died 1732. Children: Tor (to Vål), Ole, Svend, Johannes, Randi, Gunhild, Barbara. [Emphasis added.]

His son, Svend Vebjørnsen took over the farm in 1748. Married to Ragnhild Svendsdtr Sørum. 1 daughter Ingeborg. When Svend Vebjørnsen died in 1752, the widow Ragnhild was married to Syver Rolfson Vest-Midsem, and after he died 1775, married the third time to Jens Nilsen Frogner on Hjell.

His brother Johannes Vebjørnsen took over Skotbu 1753; married to Karen Toresdtr Fusker, died 1762, so he had both these farms, lived on Fusker. Children: Vebjørn, Svend, Thorer, Ingeborg (married to Ivar Kjeldsen Tømt in Vestby).

1780 the next oldest son Svend Johannessen got the deed to the farm for 1400 riksdaler; married to Anne Pederstdr 1 daughter Kari Svendsdtr born 1782; married 1) 1798 to Jørgen Fredriksen Vegger. (1 daughter Agar Jørgensdtr). Married 2nd to Thomas Hansen Vegger. (3 children: Hans Christian, Inger Helene, married 1835 to Jørgen Mathiassen Eljesrud, Anna Marie.

Svend Johannessen died 1821; his son-in-law Thomas Hansen Vegger took over the farm, inherited ½ and rented the rest towards the pension of the widow.

Thomas Hansen died 1831. The settlement of his estate shows that he owned 1) Fokkestad in Valer, 2) half Skotbu, 3) Krogen in Tomter. A large and valuable home, among other things very valuable silver and expensive furniture.

The widow Kari Svendsdtr retained the farm until 1845 when her son-in-law Johannes Paulsen Brekke in Tomter took it over for 1000 spd.; married to Agar Jørgensdtr of Kari Svendsdtr's first marriage to Jørgen Fredriksen Vegger. (Agar Jørgensdtr had moreover been married first to Svend Thorsen Brekke) .

1872 her son, Jens Johannessen took over the farm: married to Anna Riiser Hobøl.

He sold it 1892 to lumber dealer Nils M. Laumb. The farm was thereby out of the lineage it had followed for 200 years. The farm had then exceptional fine woods, which was very heavily cut because there were not yet adopted woods regulation for the district. After he had used up the woods he sold the farm to Edvard Nygard, who had it till 1904 when Iver Rustad bought it.

1923 this widow Anette Rustad deeded it to her son Lars Rustad.

There is sold from the farm a number of parcels, especially after there was a railroad station put on the farm property. First parcel farm # 2 Kråkås and Ødegarden became separated by tax divisions 1877.



Skotbu farm, Kråkstad, Akershus, Norway (1986). Image courtesy of Verla Williams.

While visiting this farm in 1986, and being served coffee and pastries by Mrs. Lars Rustad, she discovered that we [Vince and Verla Williams] were distantly related to her. And she also discovered she was living on a farm previously owned by her ancestors.

1 comments:

Maxine Perry said...

Hi Vera, have just been reading your blog and found information on my family who also lived on Karlsmyr. Thorer Halvorsen was the father-in-law of my great-aunt Allete Olava Kareliusdatter who married Thorer's son Hans Edvard Thoresen Karlsmyr. It was wonderful to find all this information.
Regards, Maxine

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